Fillings are used to "fill" the area where the decayed material of the tooth once lived. They are mostly used to repair broken or cracked teeth, also the teeth that get worn over time due to habits like tooth grinding or nail-biting.
What is the process behind tooth-filling?
At first, the dentist numbs the affected area around the tooth using local anesthesia. Next, the area is drilled using a laser or an air abrasion instrument, and the decayed area is removed. The dentist then makes sure and tests the area to find if all the decay is removed.
As soon as the decayed material is removed, the dentist prepares to fill the area by cleaning all the bacteria and debris. In order to protect the nerve, the dentist puts a liner made of glass ionomer, composite resin, or any other material, only if the decay is observed to be near the root. Usually, after the process, the dentist finishes and polishes it.
Some of the other steps involved in tooth-colored fillings and are as follows:
- After the removal and cleaning of the decayed portion, the dentist applies tooth-colored material in layers.
- A special light is used to "cure" or harden each layer.
- After carrying out all these multiple processes, the composite material is shaped to attain the desired result, and any excess material is trimmed off, also polishing the final restoration.
What are the materials used for fillings?
The usually used materials are:
Cast gold: Some patients like having gold fillings as they feel it be pleasing. They can last about 10 to 15 years. They don't corrode and can also withstand the chewing forces.
Silver-fillings or Amalgams: These fillings aren't expensive and can last about 10 to 15 years. But they don't meet the natural teeth color.
Tooth-colored composite fillings: The composite fillings can adapt to the color of natural teeth. They get chemically bonded to the tooth structure, providing support to a much greater extent. They can also help in repairing broken, chipped, or worn teeth.
Ceramics:Ceramics fillings are mostly made of porcelain can last long. They are more stain-resistant and are also more abrasive.
Glass ionomer: These fillings are probably made of acrylic and a particular type of glass material that contains fluoride to protect tooth/teeth from further decay. These dental fillings are used mostly for young children.
Call us at 209-823-1777 or schedule an online appointment with Dr. Akutagawa for a consultation at our office in Manteca, CA.